Saturday, October 13, 2007

The Atom

Combustion is the field. It is the process by which matter unravels, first the electrons that hold molecules and atoms into physical matter depart, then the units of the nuclei separate as the field of the combustion process replaces the affinity propensities holding them together, and then the actual electrons in the nuclei themselves are emitted in expanding spheres.
When the conglomerations of the heaviest atoms that formed in the absence of a field begin to ignite, some are small, the size of moons or planets, others are large, the size of stars. Regardless of size, however, they all have one thing in common: they are cooling. And they are all cooling at the same rate. This means that the larger the sphere of the heaviest element is, the longer it will take to cool.
As the smaller spheres start to cool, the rate of combustion on their surfaces slows. This means that the process that is occurring on the surface when it is combusting like the sun is today reverses itself. A point is reached where the electrons of the unit can no longer be separated by the lower field and thus the units begin to retain their original size. The most important result is that, as the field passes through various degrees of cooling, as what is becoming a planet is cooling and crusting over, the units are able to increasingly stay together.
The resulting nuclei will not be as complex as the heaviest atom that forms in the absence of a field, but they will range from the single unit, which science labels hydrogen, on up the field of elements to the radioactive elements.
Before we discuss why radioactive elements are radioactive, we should note that this model tells us a lot about the core of the Earth. Once sufficient crust has formed to shield the heaviest atoms that can form, those atoms' surface rate of combustion slows. This means that the core of the Earth is comprised of the heaviest atoms that can form in the absence of a field, the surface of this core burning intensely but not with the rate that occurs on the surface of the sun. This core is surrounded by the crust, elements whose atoms have fewer units in their nuclei, the range of nonradioactive elements, through which the core's expanding sphere passes, reaching up to the surface, which contains radioactive elements.
So why are some elements radioactive? The answer is once again found in the field, which on Earth is a combination of the internally produced field, the combustion on the surface of the core, and the sun. The elements that exist on Earth exist in this combined field. However, there are boundary elements that are the heaviest elements that can exist in a particular field. Because the field is what causes elements to break down, the elements that exist in a particular field are those elements that can hold themselves together solidly in that field and those elements that aren’t stable in the field because the field is constantly attempting to break them down, field replace them in the terms of the next chapter.
Thus, on Earth we have heavy elements such as uranium that are at the boundary of the Earth’s field. Elements that have fewer units in their nuclei are stable, while elements with more units in their nuclei simply don’t exist (or perhaps do momentarily under laboratory conditions). This means that in all likelihood, uranium, which is a boundary element on Earth, would be stable in the much weaker field of Pluto, which is both cold and distant from the sun’s field. Perhaps the manmade californium is the radioactive element on Pluto, the boundary element, and uranium is stable.
On the other side of the scale, the scalding surface of Mercury would not even allow uranium to exist, and the boundary element, the radioactive element would be much lighter, perhaps something like tungsten. (Synthetic radioactive elements, isotopes, that don’t exist naturally, are not boundary elements by rather forced elements that are unstable in a given field.)
The atom here built or modeled on the basis of a single particle with the two opposing properties of at rest motion and affinity propensity fits all the requirements of the atom we need to construct reality and find in reality. It explains solid matter, and in fact is one of the three constructions the particle with opposing properties can form. It explains weight, and the basic feature of gravity, why atoms of different complexity fall at the same rate buy require different forces to move against gravity, the mechanics of which will be shown when we describe what gravity is. The atom accounts for decay and matter’s ability to produce light, both of which will become clear in the next chapter. Above all, it does away with the need for the made-up strong force and provides an explanation for what moves orbiting electrons.
What about magnetism?
The nucleus of an atom has an excess of affinity propensity that attracts electrons into orbit around the nuclei. However, there is one situation in which the nuclei have formed into solid matter while still having an excess of affinity propensities. This means that the affinity propensities cannot be satisfied by orbiting electrons, but can be satisfied by sharing electrons. The magnetic material attracts an external cloud of orbiting electrons. The electrons travel in one end of the magnet and pass by the nuclei of the atoms in the magnet, replacing the nuclei’s excess affinity propensities as it does so. It exists the opposite end of the magnet, travels in lines outside the magnet, and reenters at the opposite end once again.
Passing a conducting circuit through the orbiting electrons will cause the electrons to tip into the circuit, producing electricity. An element that isn’t naturally magnetized has the excess affinity propensities of the nuclei of its atoms satisfied by orbiting electrons. However, if it comes close to a magnet, it will lose some of those orbiting electrons to the flow from the magnet and itself become magnetized. In like manner, if an electric coil is wrapped around the metal, the electricity in the coil will do the same thing, magnetize what wouldn’t ordinarily be magnetic.